World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Ahmed Jibril

Ahmed Jibril
Born Ahmed Jibril
1938 (age 77–78)
Yazur, Mandatory Palestine
Nationality Palestinian
Religion Sunni Islam
Children Jihad Ahmed Jibril

Ahmed Jibril (Arabic: أحمد جبريل‎; born c. 1938) is the founder and leader of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine – General Command (PFLP-GC).

During the Syrian Civil War, Jibril was a notable supporter of the Assad government and PFLP-GC members helped government forces to fight the Syrian opposition. However, after clashes with rebels in Yarmouk Camp in Damascus, the PFLP-GC suffered defections and was forced to withdraw from the camp, and Jibril fled the city.[1]

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Break from the PFLP 2
  • Leader of PFLP-GC 3
  • Personal life 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Early life

Jibril was born in Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine in 1967, an armed movement that combined Arab nationalism with leftist ideology.

Break from the PFLP

In 1968 Jibril broke away from the PFLP because of disputes over the more revolutionary Marxism advocated by Habash and Nayef Hawatmeh. He formed a new organization, the pro-Syrian PFLP-General Command.

Jibril never wavered from his belief that Palestine could only be liberated through military attrition. He joined Habash and other splinter groups which opposed negotiations with the Israeli government. He launched a variety of inventive attacks, including the "Night of the Gliders" on 25 November 1987.

Leader of PFLP-GC

Oslo Accords, support for the PFLP-GC dwindled among Palestinians.

On 7 May 2001, the Israeli Navy seized a Palestinian boat filled with heavy weapons in the port of Haifa. Jibril is believed to have been behind the shipment of weapons, which were bound for the Gaza Strip.

During the Syrian Civil War, the PFLP-GC helped the Syrian Army to fight the Syrian rebels in and around Yarmouk Camp – a district of Damascus that is home to the biggest community of Palestinian refugees in Syria.[2] Several members of the PFLP-GC's central committee opposed this alliance with the government and resigned in protest.[3] By 17 December the rebels, which included Palestinians, had won control of Yarmouk.[4] Jibril fled Damascus, reportedly for the Mediterranean city of Tartous.[5][6] Palestinian left-wing groups—including the PFLP—berated Jibril and the PFLP-GC.[7] One PFLP official said that Jibril "does not even belong to the Palestinian Left. He is closer to the extremist right-wing groups than to revolutionary leftist ones".[7] On 18 December, the Palestinian National Council (PNC) denounced Jibril, saying it would expel him over his role in the conflict.[3]

Personal life

Jibril's son, Jihad Ahmed Jibril, who headed the PFLP-GC's military wing and was in line to replace Jibril as leader of the group, was killed by a car bomb in Beirut on 20 May 2002.[8]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Defectors from Syria-based Palestinian group seek arrest of fugitive leader". Retrieved 10 November 2014. 
  2. ^ "'"Syria rebels 'clash with army, Palestinian fighters. AFP. 30 October 2012. Retrieved 10 March 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Ahmad Jibril to be expelled from the PLO". Al Akhbar (Lebanon), 18 December 2012.
  4. ^ "'Capturing Yarmouk camp another Syrian rebel gain'". Retrieved 10 November 2014. 
  5. ^ "Palestinian faction leader Jibril leaves Damascus: rebels". Reuters. Retrieved 10 November 2014. 
  6. ^ Ahmed Jibril leaves Damascus after clashes in Yarmouk Palestinian camp
  7. ^ a b "PFLP on Defense in Gaza Over Ties to Assad". Al-Monitor, 27 December 2012.
  8. ^ Lebanon exposes deadly Israeli spy ring, The Times Online, 15 June 2006.

External links

  • Ahmed Jibril and the PFLP-GC
  • How Jibril betrayed the hiding place of Gadaffi
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.