World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

A75 autoroute

Article Id: WHEBN0001280909
Reproduction Date:

Title: A75 autoroute  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Autoroutes of France, A71 autoroute, Millau Viaduct, A110 autoroute, A32 autoroute
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

A75 autoroute

Northbound on the A75 after junction 59 near Pézenas.
Translation: You are entering onto the A75 / La Meridienne / Have a good drive

The A75 is an autoroute (motorway) in France.

Known also as la Méridienne, it is a developmental project with the aim of speeding up and reducing the cost of car travel from Paris southwards, and apart from the Millau Viaduct, it is entirely free for the 340 km (210 mi) between Clermont-Ferrand and Béziers. It was due for completion in spring 2011,[1] but in fact was fully open in December 2010.

South of St. Flour there are excellent views of the Garabit viaduct.

A large portion of the A75 is also part of the European route E11.

Contents

  • Engineering achievements 1
  • The route 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Engineering achievements

The building of a motorway across the Massif Central is, in itself, a formidable achievement. Much of the motorway runs at an altitude in excess of 800 m (2600 ft) with 50 km in excess of 1000 m (3250 ft).[2]

The single most impressive feature is undoubtedly the Millau Viaduct, which carries the road over the Tarn River. It was constructed under a government contract with the Eiffage group, effective for 75 years. Eiffage collects tolls at agreed rates making this the only tolled part of the A75.

Other impressive features include:

Viaducts and bridges

  • Viaduc de la Violette, 560 m long, between junctions 21 & 22
  • Pont sur la Truyere, 311 m long, between junctions 30 and 31
  • Viaduc du Piou, 414 m long, between junctions 38 and 39
  • Viaduc du Ricoulong, 342 m long, between junctions 38 and 39
  • Viaduc de la Planchette, 221 m long, between junctions 38 and 39
  • Viaduc de Verrières, 710 m long, between junctions 44 and 44.1
  • Viaduc de la Garrigue, 340 m long, between junctions 44.1 and 42
  • Viaduc de Millau, 2500 m long, between junctions 45 and 46

Passes

  • 990 m between junctions 24 and 25
  • Col de la Fageole, 1107 m, between junctions 26 and 27
  • Col des Issartets, 1121 m, the highest point on the A75, between junctions 36 and 37
  • Col de la Fayette, 882 m, between junctions 40 and 41
  • Col d'Engayresque, 888 m, between junctions 44 and 44.1

Tunnels

  • Tunnel de Montjezieu, 616 m long at an altitude of 650 m, between junctions 39.1 and 40
  • Tunnel de Pas d'Escalette, 725 m southbound, 830 m northbound, between junctions 50 and 51
  • Tunnel de la Vierge, 474 m, between junctions 52 and 53

The route


A75 Autoroute junctions, listed north to south
km Junc. No. Northbound exits Southbound exits Notes
0   A71 becomes A75 at Clermont-Ferrand
1.5  1  La Pardieu, Billom, Cournon Billom No northbound entry
4  2  Bordeaux, La Bourboule, Le Mont Dore, Aubière La Bourboule, Le Mont Dore, Aubière
5  3  Pérignat-lès-Sarliève, Z.I. Cournon, La Roche Blanche, Orcet, Le Cendre Cournon
6.5  4  Orcet, Le Cendre, Vic-le-Comte, La Roche-Blanche Le Cendre, Pérignat-lès-Sarliève, La Roche-Blanche
10  5  Veyre-Monton, St-Amant-Tallende Orcet, St-Amant-Tallende, Aydat
15  6  Veyre-Monton, Murol, Chambon sur Lac, Champeix, St Nectaire Veyre-Monton
18.5  7  Montpeyroux, Coudes Montpeyroux
21  8  - Coudes, Vic-le-Comte Southbound entry and northbound exit only
23  9  Sauvagnat, St-Yvoine Sauvagnat, St-Yvoine
26.5  10  La Ribeyre La Ribeyre
28.5  11  Issoire centre - Southbound exit and northbound entry only
31  12  Issoire-les-Prés, Orbeil Issoire-les-Prés, Orbeil
31.5  13  Issoire couze, Parentignat, Sauxillanges, Ambert, St Germain Issoire couze, Parentignat, Sauxillanges, Ambert
34  14  Issoire aérodrome Issoire centre, Champieux, St Nectaire, Besse No northbound entry
39  15  Le Broc, St Germain, Ardres, Le Breuil - No northbound exit
38  16  - Le Broc No southbound exit
41  17  St-Germain-Lembro, Jumeaux St-Germain-Lembron, Le Breuil
45.5  18  Charbonnier, Brassac, Ste Florine Brassac, Charbonnier
50  19  Lempdes - Southbound exit and northbound entry only
51  20  Lempdes, Vergongheon, Brioude, Le Puy en Velay Lempdes, Vergongheon, Ste Florine, Le Puy en Velay
56  21  Lorlanges Lorlanges, Ardres s. Couze Aire de Lafayette via this junction
61  22  Espalem, Blesle, Brioude Le Puy en Velay, Espalem, Blesle, Brioude
66  23  Massiac, Aurillac, Murat, Le Lioran - Southbound exit and northbound entry only
68.5  24  - Massiac Southbound entry and northbound exit only
81  25  St-Poncy St-Poncy
85  26  Vieillespesse Vieillespesse
87.5  27  Coren, Montchamp Montchamp
92.5  28  St-Flour, Chaudes-Aigues, Espalion St-Flour bel-air, Coren
96.5  29  St-Flour belle vue, St Georges Aurillac, St Flour centre, Murat, Le Lioran
100.5  30  Ruynes-en-Margeride Ruynes-en-Margeride
108.5  31  Loubaresse Loubaresse, Viaduc de Gabarit
117  32  La Garde, Le Bacon La Garde, Le Bacon Access to La Lozere services and Geoscope
122.5  33  St-Chély-d'Apcher, Le Malzieu-Ville, Fournels - Southbound exit and northbound entry only
128.5  34  St-Chély-d'Apcher, Rimeize, St-Alban-sur-Limagnole St-Chély-d'Apcher, St-Alban-sur-Limagnole, Le Malzieu-Ville, Fournels
134  35  Aumont-Aubrac, Nabrinals - Southbound exit and northbound entry only
138.5  36  - Aumont-Aubrac Southbound entry and northbound exit only
146.5  37  Le Buisson Le Buisson
153  38  Antrenes, Marvejols Antrenes, Marvejols, Nasbinals
162  39  Le Monastier, Chirac, Chanac, Florac Mende, Le Monastier, Chirac, Chanac, Florac
163  39.1 
168.5  39.2  St-Germain-du-Teil - Southbound exit only
172  40  La Canourge, Banassac, St-Germain-du-Teil La Canourge, Banassac, St-Germain-du-Teil
182.5  41  Campagnac, St-Geniez-d'Olt Campagnac, St-Geniez-d'Olt
190  42  Rodez, Sévérac-le-Château, le Massegros, Laissac Rodez, Sévérac-le-Château, Laissac A68 junction. Access to Aveyron services
193  43  - Le Massegros Southbound entry and northbound exit only
200.5  44  Engayresque Engayresque
210  44.1  Aguessac, Micropolis, Vezins de Levezon, Pont de Salars, Meyrenes Cahors, Aguessac, Pont de Salars, Meyrenes
215  45  St-Germain, St Beauzély, Castelnau de Petgarolles Millau, St Beauzély, Castelnau de Petgarolles TOLL SECTION SOUTH TO JUNCTION 46
  Toll barrier
223  46  La Bastide-Pradines, St-Rome-de-Cernon, Roquefort, St Affrique - TOLL SECTION NORTH TO JUNCTION 45
234.5  47  Millau sud, la Cavalerie, Sainte-Eulalie-de-Cernon Millau, la Cavalerie, Roquefort, St Affrique
244  48  L'Hospitalet-du-Larzac, La Couvertoirade, Cornus, Alzon, La Vigan L'Hospitalet-du-Larzac, Cornus, Alzon
257.5  49  Le Caylar, Lunas, Bedarieux, Cirque de Navacelles Le Caylar, La Couvertoirade Access to Le Caylar services
260  50  - St-Félix-de-l'Héras Southbound entry and northbound exit only
267  51  Pégairolles-de-l'Escalette Pégairolles-de-l'Escalette
271.5  52  Lodève nord, Soubès Le Vignan, Ganges, Lodève nord, Soubès
275.5  53  - Lodève sud, Lunas Southbound entry and northbound exit only
280  54  Le Bosc Le Bosc No southbound entry
283  55  - Le Bosc, Lac du Salagou Southbound entry and northbound exit only
285-289.5  56  Salelles Salelles, L'Oasis No Southbound entry
289.5   Montpellier Montpellier, Saint-Guilhem-le-Désert, Gignac, St André-de-Sangonis Junction with A750
294.5  57  Clermont-l'Hérault, Nébian, Canet, Bedarieux Clermont-l'Hérault, Bedarieux, Canet, Lac du Salagou
305.5  58  Paulhan, Adissan, Lézignan-la-Cèbe Paulhan, Adissan
310  59  Pézenas nord, Sète, Montagnac, Mèze, Marseillan Sète, Montagnac, Mèze, Marseillan
 59.1   Pézenas sud, Castelnau-de-Guers Pézenas sud, Castelnau-de-Guers
 60  Agde, Cap d'Agde - Southbound exit and northbound entry only
 61  Pézenas ouest Roujan, Pézenas ouest
324  62  Servian, Montblanc Florensac, Servian, Valros, Montblanc
331  63  Narbonne, Béziers Centre - Southbound exit and northbound entry only
332  64  Valras-Plage, Serignan, Béziers Cap d'Agde Airport, Béziers Béziers Centre
333   Toll barrier
334   Junction with A9
The section between junctions 59 and 61 (the Pézenas by-pass) was not technically motorway and was still designated as the N9, despite the depiction on most maps. Work to upgrade the section to full motorway status was carried out between September 2013 and June 2014.

In May 2007, construction started on the final section of the A75, a connection from Pézenas to the A9 autoroute a kilometre or so east of the previous Béziers east intersection 35. The route to the south of the present D609 Pézenas-Béziers road bypassing Valros opened in February 2009. Further sections opened in spring 2010. The final section, a gap between Valros and Servian, was completed in December 2010. According to Serge Cuculière, construction operations manager, the delay was due to difficulties encountered on the section ("Les difficultés recontrées sur la section exigent un temps de réalisation plus important").[1]

References

  1. ^ a b "A75: Le point sur les travaux entre Pézenas et Béziers", Midi Libre, 16 June 2008, p3
  2. ^ "Association La Méridienne: On n'a pas tous les jours..". Decouverte & Patrimoine (Projective Groupe) (9): 28. 2006. 

External links

  • official website (French)La Meridienne: tourist information
  • A75 autoroute at Saratlas (Note: The distances on this site are inaccurate)
  • Rest areas on the magnificent A75 autoroute Three noteworthy areas described. Photo illustrations, sketch maps.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.