World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

9th millennium BC

Article Id: WHEBN0000040181
Reproduction Date:

Title: 9th millennium BC  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Timeline of human prehistory, Mesolithic, White Ware, Basket, Millennia
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

9th millennium BC

Millennia:
Centuries:
  • 90th century BC
  • 89th century BC
  • 88th century BC
  • 87th century BC
  • 86th century BC
  • 85th century BC
  • 84th century BC
  • 83rd century BC
  • 82nd century BC
  • 81st century BC
Europe and surrounding areas in the 9th millennium BC. Blue areas are covered in ice.
(1) Upper Palaeolithic cultures.
(2) Mesolithic cultures.
(3) Swiderian cultures.
(4) Pontic Tardenoisian cultures.
(5) Iberian Capsian cultures.
(6) Oranian cultures.
(7) Lower Capsian cultures.
(8) The Fertile Crescent.

Taxonavigation

Species: Miletus croton
Subspecies: Miletus croton croton

Name

Miletus croton corvus (Doherty, 1889)

Type Locality: Tenasserim

Holotype: not located

Synonymy

  • Gerydus croton tavoyana Evans, 1932. Holotype: ♂ (dsf) Tavoy, BMNH. Synonymised by Eliot, 1961: 163.

References

  • Doherty, W., 1889. On certain Lycaenidae from Lower Tenasserim. J. asiat. Soc. Beng. 58: 409-440, 2 pls.
  • Eliot, J. N., 1961. An analysis of the genus Miletus Hübner (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Bull. Raffles. Mus. 26: 154-177, 24 figs.
  • Evans, W. H., 1932. The identification of Indian butterflies, edn 2. 10 + 454 pp., 32 pls. Madras.
{| class="bordered infobox" style="font-size:90%; width:200px;" cellpadding=5

! sty |- | style="background:#efefef;" | ↑ before Homo (Pliocene)
|- | Paleolithic

Lower Paleolithic
Early Stone Age
Homo
Control of fire
Stone tools
Middle Paleolithic
Middle Stone Age
Homo neanderthalensis
Homo sapiens
Recent African origin of modern humans
Upper Paleolithic
Late Stone Age
Behavioral modernity, Atlatl,
Origin of the domestic dog

Mesolithic

Microliths, Bow, Canoe
Natufian
Khiamian
Tahunian
Heavy Neolithic
Shepherd Neolithic
Trihedral Neolithic
Pre-Pottery Neolithic
Neolithic Revolution,
Domestication
Pottery Neolithic
Pottery

|- | style="background:#efefef;" | ↓ Chalcolithic
|}

The 9th millennium BC marks the beginning of the Neolithic period.

Agriculture spread throughout the Fertile Crescent and use of pottery became more widespread. Larger settlements like Jericho arose along salt and flint trade routes. Northern Eurasia was resettled as the glaciers of the last glacial maximum retreated. World population was at a few million people, likely below 5 million.

Events

Inventions and discoveries

  • c. 9000 BC—The first evidence of the keeping of sheep, in northern Iraq.[2]
  • c. 9000 BC—Discovery of copper in Middle East
  • c. 8500 BCNatufian culture of Western Mesopotamia is harvesting wild wheat with flint-edged sickles. (1967 McEvedy) About this time, boats are invented, and dogs domesticated in Europe. (1967 McEvedy)
  • c. 8500 BCAndean peoples domesticate chili peppers and two kinds of bean
  • c. 8000 BC—Mesopotamia—Agriculture in Mesopotamia
  • c. 8000 BCAsiaDomestication of the pig in China and Turkey
  • c. 8000 BC—Middle East—Domestication of goats
  • c. 8000 BC—Asia—Evidence of domestication of dogs from wolves
  • c. 8000 BC—Middle East—Ancient flint tools from north and central Arabia belong to hunter-gatherer societies
  • c. 8000 BC—Middle East—Clay vessels and modeled human and animal terracotta figurines are produced at Ganj Dareh in western Iran.
  • c. 8000 BC—People of Jericho were making bricks out of clay, then hardened them in the sun. The settlement had grown to 8–10 acres of houses and had substantial walls.[2]

Environmental changes

Subdivisions of the Quaternary System
System/
Period
Series/
Epoch
Stage/
Age
Age (Ma)
Quaternary Holocene 0.0117-0
Pleistocene Tarantian 0.126-0.0117
Ionian 0.781-0.126
Calabrian 1.80-0.781
Gelasian 2.58-1.80
Neogene Pliocene Piacenzian older
In Europe and North America, the Holocene is subdivided into Preboreal, Boreal, Atlantic, Subboreal, and Subatlantic stages of the Blytt-Sernander time scale. There are many regional subdivisions for the Upper or Late Pleistocene; usually these represent locally recognized cold (glacial) and warm (interglacial) periods. The last glacial period ends with the cold Younger Dryas substage.
  • c. 9000 BC: Temporary global chilling, as the Gulf Stream pulls southward, and Europe ices over (1990 Rand McNally Atlas)

References

  1. ^ Curry, Andrew (November 2008). "Gobekli Tepe: The World’s First Temple?". Smithsonian Institution. Archived from the original on 17 March 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-14. 
  2. ^ a b Roberts, J: "History of the World." Penguin, 1994.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.