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Établissement public à caractère administratif

In France, an Établissement public à caractère administratif (EPA; translating to "public establishment of an administrative nature") is a public law legal person with a certain administrative and financial autonomy to fulfil a mission of public interest (that is not industrial or commercial in nature) under the control of the State or a local authority.[1]

It is a category of public undertaking in France, and includes some research institutes and infrastructure operators.

This legal characterization is the opposite of the Établissement public à caractère industriel et commercial (EPIC, "public establishment of an industrial or commercial nature").[2]

Legal aspect

On opposition to the Établissements publics à caractère industriel et commercial, which are subject to private law, EPAs are mainly governed by public law. This legal distinction is recognized by the French precedent.

Different types of EPA

EPAs under the supervision of the Minister of Defence include:

EPA under the supervision of the Minister of the Interior :

EPA under the supervision of the Minister of Social Affairs:

  • The Agence Nationale pour l'Amélioration des Conditions de Travail

EPA under the supervision of the Minister of Social Affairs and of the Ministère du Commerce :

  • The Agence nationale des services à la personne

EPA under the supervision of the Minister of the Economy, Finances and Industry :

EPA under the supervision of the Ministry of Higher Education and Research:[3]

EPA under the supervision of the Ministry of National Education and of the Ministry of Higher Education and Research :

EPA under the supervision of the Ministry of Agriculture :

  • The Établissement national des produits de l'agriculture et de la mer (FranceAgriMer)
  • The Agence de services et de paiement (ASP)
  • The Institut français du cheval et de l'équitation
  • The Inventaire Forestier National (IFN);

EPA under the supervision of the Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development, Transport and Housing :

EPA under the supervision of the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs :

EPA under the supervision of the Minister of Culture :

EPA under the supervision of the ministère chargé de la Sécurité social :

  • The École nationale supérieure de sécurité sociale (EN3S)

EPA under the supervision of the Centre national de la fonction publique territoriale :

Not classified :

Notes and references

  1. ^ (French) Établissement public à caractère administratif
  2. ^ (French) Qu'est-ce qu'un établissement public?
  3. ^ (French) Minsitère de l'enseignement supérieur et de la recherche
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