World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Parti rouge

Article Id: WHEBN0000635806
Reproduction Date:

Title: Parti rouge  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Province of Canada, Luc Letellier de St-Just, History of the Liberal Party of Canada, Équipe Autonomiste, Progressive Conservative Party of Quebec
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Parti rouge

The Red Party (French: Parti rouge, or French: Parti démocratique) was formed in the Province of Quebec, around 1847 by radical French-Canadians inspired by the ideas of Louis-Joseph Papineau, the Institut canadien de Montréal, and the reformist movement led by the Parti patriote of the 1830s.

History

The party was a successor to the Parti patriote. The reformist rouges did not believe that the 1840 Act of Union had truly granted a responsible government to former Upper and Lower Canada. They advocated important democratic reforms, republicanism, separation of the state and the church. They were perceived as anti-clerical and radical by their political adversaries. Some of its members desired the abolition of the semi-feudal seigneurial system of land ownership, although Papineau was himself a seigneur and a vocal defender of the traditional system, which he wanted reformed, not abolished.

They opposed the union of Upper Canada and Lower Canada into the United Province of Canada, and demanded its termination. When talks for Canadian confederation began, its members either opposed the idea, or suggested a decentralized confederation. They were opposed to the ultramontane politics of the Catholic clergy of Quebec and the Parti bleu.

In 1858, the elected rouges allied with the Clear Grits in the legislature of the united province of Canada. This resulted in the shortest-lived government in Canadian history, falling in less than a day. Not long after, the failure of most of the party's political actions caused its downfall and its more moderate members (notably including Sir Wilfrid Laurier, Canada's first francophone Prime Minister) formed what became the Liberal Party of Canada in conjunction with their Upper Canadian Clear-Grit allies.

Manifestoes

  • Manifeste du Comité constitutionnel de la réforme et du progrès, 1847 (online)
  • Manifeste du Club national démocratique, 1849 (online)

References

  • "Parti rouge", in The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Foundation, 2008
  • Claude Bélanger, "Parti Rouge", in The Quebec History Encyclopedia, 2006
  • "The parti rouge", in Canadian Confederation, Library and Archives Canada, December 14, 2001, updated July 16, 2012

Additional French language information sources

  • Lamonde, Yvan (2000). Histoire sociale des idées au Québec, 1760-1896, Montréal: Éditions Fides, 576 p. ISBN 2-7621-2104-3 (online)
  • Lamonde, Yvan (1994). Louis-Antoine Dessaulles, 1818-1895: un seigneur libéral et anticlérical, Saint-Laurent: Fides, 369 p. ISBN 2-7621-1736-4
  • Lamonde, Yvan (1990). Gens de parole: conférences publiques, essais et débats à l'Institut canadien de Montréal, 1845-1871, Montréal: Boréal, 176 p. ISBN 2-89052-369-1
  • de Lagrave, Jean-Paul (1976). Le combat des idées au Québec-Uni, 1840-1867, Montréal: Editions de Lagrave, 150 p.
  • Bernard, Jean-Paul (1971). Les Rouges ; libéralisme, nationalisme et anticléricalisme au milieu du XIXe siècle, Montréal: Presses de l'Université du Québec, 394 p. ISBN 0-7770-0028-8
  • Dumont, Fernand, Montminy, Jean-Paul, and Hamelin, Jean ed. (1971). Idéologies au Canada français, 1850-1900, Québec: Presses de l'Université Laval, 327 p.

See also

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.