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Kingdom of Sikkim

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Title: Kingdom of Sikkim  
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Language: English
Subject: Sikkim, Nepal–Britain Treaty of 1923, Kazi, Ranikhola, Roro Chu
Collection: Former British Protectorates, Former Countries in Asia, Former Monarchies of Asia, Princely States of India, Sikkim, Tibetan Buddhist Places
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Kingdom of Sikkim

Kingdom of Sikkim
Protectorate of India (1861–1975)
1642–1975
Seal of Sikkim
Flag Coat of arms
Capital Yuksom
Gangtok
Languages Sikkimese, Nepali
Religion Buddhism
Government Monarchy
History
 •  Established 1642
 •  Phuntsog Namgyal ascended the throne 1642
 •  Palden Thondup Namgyal forced to abdicate 1975
 •  Disestablished 16 May 1975
Today part of India

The Kingdom of Sikkim was a hereditary monarchy from 1642 to 16 May 1975 in the Eastern Himalayas. It was ruled by a hereditary Chogyal (Kings). In the mid-18th century, Sikkim was invaded by Nepal (then the Gorkha Kingdom) and was under the Gorkha rule for more than 25 years. Between 1785 and 1815, almost 100,000 ethnic Nepali people from Eastern and Central Nepal migrated to Sikkim and settled down after pledging allegiance to the Chogyal. However, with the arrival of the British in neighbouring India, Sikkim allied itself with them as they had a common enemy – Nepal. The infuriated Nepalese attacked Sikkim with vengeance, overrunning most of the region including the Terai. This prompted the British East India Company to attack Nepal resulting in the Gurkha War in 1814. The Sugauli Treaty between Britain and Nepal and the Treaty of Titalia between Sikkim and British India returned territory annexed by the Nepalese to Sikkim in 1817. Under the 1861 Treaty of Tumlong it became a British protectorate, then an Indian protectorate in 1950. Sikkim was formally annexed by India in 1975 and it became one of the states of India. In culture and religion, it was linked closely with Tibet, from which its first king migrated, and Bhutan, with which it shares borders. The presence of a large ethnic Nepali population, mainly from the Eastern and Central Nepal, also leads to cultural linkages with Nepal.

List of Chogyals of Sikkim (1642–1975)

Royal Flag of Sikkim (1877–1975)
Flag of Sikkim (1877–1914; 1962–1967)
Flag of Sikkim (1914–1962)
Flag of Sikkim (1967–1975)
# Reign Portrait Ruler Events during reign
1 1642–1670 Phuntsog Namgyal Ascended the throne and was consecrated as the first Chogyal of Sikkim. Made Yuksom the capital.
2 1670–1700 Tensung Namgyal Shifted capital to Rabdentse from Yuksom.
3 1700–1717 Chakdor Namgyal His half-sister Pendiongmu tried to dethrone Chakdor, who fled to Lhasa, but was reinstated as king with the help of Tibetans.
4 1717–1733 Gyurmed Namgyal Sikkim was attacked by Nepal.
5 1733–1780 Phuntsog Namgyal II Nepalese raided Rabdentse, the then capital of Sikkim.
6 1780–1793 Tenzing Namgyal Chogyal fled to Tibet, and later died there in exile.
7 1793–1863 Tshudpud Namgyal The longest-reigning Chogyal of Sikkim. Shifted the capital from Rabdentse to Tumlong. The 1817 Treaty of Titalia between Sikkim and British India was signed under which territories lost to Nepal were returned to Sikkim. Darjeeling was gifted to British India in 1835. Two Britons, Dr. Arthur Campbell and Dr. Joseph Hooker were captured by the Sikkimese in 1849. Hostilities between British India and Sikkim continued and led to a treaty signed, in which Darjeeling was ceded to British India.
8 1863–1874 Sidkeong Namgyal
9 1874–1914 Thutob Namgyal John Claude White appointed as the first political officer of Sikkim in 1889. Capital shifted from Tumlong to Gangtok in 1894.
10 1914 Sidkeong Tulku Namgyal The shortest-reigning Chogyal of Sikkim, ruled from 10 February to 5 December 1914. Died of heart failure, aged 35, in suspicious circumstances.
11 1914–1963 Tashi Namgyal Treaty between India and Sikkim was signed in 1950, giving India suzerainty over Sikkim.
12 1963–1975 Palden Thondup Namgyal The 12th Chogyal, Indian sovereignty post plebiscite.

The son from the first marriage of Palden Thondup Namgyal, Wangchuk Namgyal, was named the 13th Chogyal after his father's death on 29 January 1982, but the position no longer confers any official authority.

See also

External links

  • "Buddhist Monasteries of Sikkim". Sikkim.nic.in.
  • Kingdom of Sikkim at DMOZ
  • Climbing the clouds to Sikkim
  • Kings Of Sikkim
  • The Sikkim saga, through an American lens
  • Sikkim kingdom 1962 - 1967.The last flag of independent Sikkim - Youtube
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