Jinan dialect

Jinan dialect
濟南話
Native to Urban Jinan in the People's Republic of China
Region Northeastern China
Native speakers
(this article does not contain any information regarding the number of speakers)
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog None

Jinan dialect (simplified Chinese: 济南话; traditional Chinese: 濟南話; pinyin: jǐnánhuà) is Mandarin Chinese dialect spoken in Jinan in Shandong province.

Phonetics and Phonology

Consonants

Consonants of the Jinan dialect
  Labial Alveolar Alveolo-palatal Retroflex Velar
Nasal m n ɲ   ŋ
Plosive voiceless unaspirated p t     k
voiceless aspirated    
Affricate voiceless unaspirated   ts  
voiceless aspirated   tsʰ tɕʰ tʂʰ  
Fricative voiced       ʐ
voiceless f s ɕ ʂ x
Approximant   l    

Tones

Tone chart of the Jinan dialect
Tone number Tone name Tone contour Description
1 yin ping (陰平) ˨˩˧ (213) dipping
2 yang ping (陽平) ˥ (5) high
3 shang sheng (上聲) ˨˦ (24) rising
4 qu sheng (去聲) ˨˩ (21) low

See also

References

  • Běijīng dàxué zhōngguóyǔyánwénxuéxì yǔyánxué jiàoyánshì. (1989) Hànyǔ fāngyīn zìhuì. Běijīng: Wénzìgǎigé chūbǎnshè.(北京大學中國語言文學系語言學教研室. 1989. 漢語方音字匯. 北京: 文字改革出版社)
  • Norman, Jerry. [1988] (2002). Chinese. Cambridge, England: CUP ISBN 0-521-29653-6
  • Yuán, jiāhuá (1989). Hànyǔ fāngyán gàiyào (An introduction to Chinese dialects). Beijing, China: Wénzì gǎigé chūbǎnshè. (袁家驊. 1989. 漢語方言概要. 北京:文字改革出版社.)

External links

  • Cantonese and other dialects (in Chinese)
  • Classification of Jilu Dialects from Glossika


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