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Islam in Mauritius

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Title: Islam in Mauritius  
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Subject: Islam by country, Islam in Africa, Religion in Mauritius, Islam in Algeria, Islam in Angola
Collection: Islam by Country, Islam in Mauritius, Religion in Mauritius
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Islam in Mauritius

Muslims constitute over 17.3% of Mauritius population.[1] Muslims of Mauritius are of Indian descent; however, there is a growing number of creole converts to Islam. The vernacular language is Urdu/Hindi.

The 1968 constitution of Mauritius recognized four religious categories: Hindus, Muslims, Sino-Mauritians, and the general population.[2]

Approximately 95 percent are Sunni Muslims,[3] having an understanding of the Urdu language. Within the Muslim community, there are three distinct ethnic groups that exist, notably the Memons and the Surtees (who are rich merchants who came from Kutch and Surat province of Gujarat in India), then the "Hindi Calcattias" who came to Mauritius as indentured labourer from Bihar. Humeirah, a novel by Sabah Carrim, is a story about the Memons and the Hindi Calcattias, set on Mauritius.

Other languages include Bhojpuri, Gujarati, and Tamil. Among the Shia minority, some have their origins in different parts of South Asia, while others are adherents of the Shia Ismaili sect from East Africa. The majority of Shias are Ithna 'ashariyah with a small Ismaili sect. There is also an Ahmadi minority.

The first purpose-built mosque in Mauritius is the Camp des Lascars Mosque in around 1805. It is now officially known as the Al-Aqsa Mosque. The Jummah Mosque in Port Louis was built in the 1850s and is described in the Ministry of Tourism's guide as one of the most beautiful religious buildings in Mauritius . There are many smaller mosques in the towns and villages. The highest concentration of Muslims is found in the capital Port Louis, predominantly in the Plaine Verte, Ward IV, Valle Pitot and Camp Yoloff neighborhood.

The Islamic Authority recognized by the Government is Jummah Mosque Port Louis.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Resident population by religion and sex" (PDF).  
  2. ^ Constitution of Mauritius, First Schedule, section 31(2)
  3. ^ http://www.academia.edu/4016478/ISLAM_IN_MAURITIUS

External links

  • Islamic revivalism and political opposition among minority Muslims in Mauritius
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