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Hadith of the ten promised paradise

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Title: Hadith of the ten promised paradise  
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Subject: Sunni view of Umar, Rashidun Caliphate, Military conquests of Umar's era, Hadith, Zubayr ibn al-Awam
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Hadith of the ten promised paradise

The Islamic prophet, Muhammad, in a hadith accepted by Sunni Muslims, specified ten of his companions who were promised paradise. Those companions named in this hadith are referred to by Sunnis as The Ten Promised Paradise (Arabic: العشرة المبشرون بالجنة‎; al-`Ashara al-Mubasharîn bi-l-Janna). The authenticity of this hadith is rejected by the Shias.

The Hadith

Narrated Sa'id ibn Zayd:
AbdurRahman ibn al-Akhnas said that when he was in the mosque, a man mentioned Ali (may Allah be pleased with him). So Sa'id ibn Zayd got up and said: I bear witness to the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) that I heard him say: Ten persons will go to Paradise: The Prophet (peace be upon him) will go to Paradise, Abu Bakr will go to Paradise, Umar will go to Paradise, Uthman will go to Paradise, Ali will go to Paradise, Talhah will go to Paradise: az-Zubayr ibn al-Awwam will go to paradise, Sa'd ibn Malik will go to Paradise, and Abdur Rahman ibn Awf will go to Paradise, and (Abu Ubaidah?). If I wish, I can mention the tenth. The People asked: Who is he: So he kept silence. They again asked: Who is he: He replied: He is Sa'id ibn Zayd.
— Collected by Abu Dawood, Sunan Abu Dawood[1]
Narrated Abdur Rahman bin Awf:
that the Messenger of Allah said: "Abu Bakr is in Paradise, 'Umar is in Paradise, 'Uthman is in Paradise, 'Ali is in Paradise, Talhah is in Paradise, Az-Zubair is in Paradise, 'Abdur Rahman bin Awf is in Paradise, Sa'd bin Abi Waqqas is in Paradise, Sa'id ibn Zayd is in Paradise, and Abu 'Ubaidah bin Al-Jarrah is in Paradise."

Muslim view

Muslims put different weight on this hadith, the majority of the Sunnis, viewing it as very favourable whilst the Shiites dismmissed it in its entirety.

This hadith was narrated in three collections by Tirmidhi, Abu Dawood, and Ibn Majah.

The Sunni canon of hadith, called the Kutub al-Sittah (six major hadith collections), includes: Sahih al-Bukhari, Sahih Muslim, Sunan Abu Dawood, Al-Sunan al-Sughra, Jami` at-Tirmidhi and Sunan ibn Majah. Sahih al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim are considered the most reliable of these collections.[3]

Sunnis say that Muhammad's companions were sorted into twelve groups and of these the ten promised paradise were ranked first.[4]

References

  1. ^ Sunan Abu Dawood, 40:4632
  2. ^ Tirmidhi, Hadith 3747
  3. ^ Muqaddimah Ibn al-Salah, pg. 160 Dar al-Ma’aarif edition; al-Tirmithi, under #3748; al-Tirmithi, Volume 5, Page 605, Hadith 3748; Abu Daoud, #4649 and #4650
  4. ^ Twelve Ranks of the Companions

External links

  • Presenting Abu Bakr as the first of "ten promised paradise"
  • Great Muslims Of All Times
  • Sahaba
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