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Eupatoria

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Eupatoria

For lake Kerkinitis, see Kerkini.
For the Hellenistic city in the Pontus, see Eupatoria (Pontus).
Yevpatoria
Євпаторія
Евпатория
Kezlev

Yevpatoria panorama

Coat of arms
Yevpatoria
Yevpatoria
Location of Yevpatoriya within Crimea, Ukraine

Coordinates: 45°12′13″N 33°21′41″E / 45.20361°N 33.36139°E / 45.20361; 33.36139Coordinates: 45°12′13″N 33°21′41″E / 45.20361°N 33.36139°E / 45.20361; 33.36139

Country  Ukraine
Republic  Crimea
Region Yevpatoria municipality
Area
 • Total 120 km2 (50 sq mi)
Elevation 10 m (30 ft)
Population
 • Total 123,456
 • Density 1,618.37/km2 (4,191.6/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 97400 — 97490
Area code(s) +380-6569
Former name Kezlev (Gezlev) (till 1784)
Website http://www.kalamit.info/

Yevpatoria or Eupatoria (Ukrainian: Євпато́рія, Yevpatoriya, Russian: Евпато́рия, Yevpatoriya, Crimean Tatar: Kezlev, Greek: Ευπατορία, Κερκινίτις - Eupatoria, Kerkinitis, Turkish: Gözleve, Armenian: Եվպատորիա - Yevpatoria) is a city in Crimea, Ukraine.

History

The first recorded settlement in the area, called Kerkinitis (Κερκινίτης), was built by Greek colonists around 500 BC. Along with the rest of Crimea, Kerkinitis was part of the dominions of Mithridates VI, King of Pontus, from whose cognomen, Eupator, the city's modern name derives.

From roughly the 7th through the 10th centuries AD, Yevpatoriya was a Khazar settlement; its name in Khazar language was probably Güzliev (literally "beautiful house").[1] It was later subject to the Cumans (Kipchaks), the Mongols and the Crimean Khanate. During this period the city was called Kezlev by Crimean Tatars and Gözleve by Ottomans. The Russian medieval name Kozlov is a Russification of the Crimean Tatar name.

For a short period between 1478 and 1485, the city was administrated by the Ottoman Empire. Afterwards, it became an important urban center of the Crimean Khanate. In 1783, with the whole Crimea, Kezlev was captured by the Russian Empire. Its name was officially changed to Evpatoriya ("Евпатория"- city named after Eupator Dionysius) in 1784. The city was briefly occupied in 1854 by British, French and Turkish troops during the Crimean War, when it was the site of the Battle of Eupatoria. Adam Mickiewicz visited the town in 1825 and wrote one of his Crimean Sonnets here; it was later translated into Russian by Mikhail Lermontov.

Main article: Juma-Jami Mosque, Yevpatoria

The 400 year old Juma Jami mosque is one of the many designed or built by the Ottoman architect Mimar Sinan. 35-metre minarets rose on the flanks of the building. The mosque was of great state significance. It was here that a ceremony of the declaration of rights of the Crimean Khans was held at their enthronement. Only after that they went to their capital, the city of Bakhchisarai.


After the annexation of the Crimea by Russia Yevpatoriya became a residence of the spiritual ruler of the Karaites, the Gakham. In this connection here, a complex of two praying houses was built under the supervision of the Rabovich brothers, in which forms of the Renaissance and Moslem architecture entwined in a most unusual manner. The ensemble organically incorporates three courtyards. The entrance to it is marked by the gates, built in 1900, which look like a refined triumphal arch.

Modern Yevpatoria

Today Yevpatoriya is a major Ukrainian Black Sea port, a rail hub, and resort town. The population swells greatly during the summer months, with many residents of northern cities visiting for beach recreation. As such, local residents are heavily employed during summer months but are often underemployed during the winter. The main industries include fishing, food processing, wine making, limestone quarrying, weaving, and the manufacture of building materials, machinery, furniture manufacturing and tourism. The National Space Agency of Ukraine has ground control and tracking facilities here.[2]

Yevpatoriya has spas of mineral water, salt and mud lakes. These resorts belong to a vast area with curative facilities where the main health-improving factors are the sunshine and sea, air and sand, brine and mud of the salt lakes, as well as the mineral water of the hot springs. The population of the town is sure to have known about the curative qualities of the local mud that can be found here from time immemorial, which is witnessed by the manuscripts of Pliny the Elder, a Roman scholar (ca 80 BC).

On December 24, 2008 a blast destroyed a five story building in the town. 27 people were killed. President Viktor Yushchenko declared December 26 to be a day of national mourning.[3][4][5][6][7]

Two beaches in Yevpatoria have been Blue Flag beaches since May 2010, these were the first beaches (with two beaches in Yalta) to be awarded a Blue Flag in a CIS memberstate.[8]

Climate

Yevpatoria has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa) under the Köppen climate classification with cool winters and warm to hot summers.

Climate data for Yevpatoria
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 4.5
(40.1)
5.4
(41.7)
8.6
(47.5)
15.7
(60.3)
21.0
(69.8)
25.4
(77.7)
28.1
(82.6)
27.7
(81.9)
23.1
(73.6)
17.1
(62.8)
11.3
(52.3)
7.1
(44.8)
16.3
(61.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 1.1
(34)
1.9
(35.4)
4.5
(40.1)
10.8
(51.4)
15.8
(60.4)
20.1
(68.2)
22.6
(72.7)
22.1
(71.8)
17.7
(63.9)
12.3
(54.1)
7.6
(45.7)
3.8
(38.8)
11.7
(53.1)
Average low °C (°F) −2.2
(28)
−1.5
(29.3)
0.5
(32.9)
5.9
(42.6)
10.7
(51.3)
14.8
(58.6)
17.1
(62.8)
16.5
(61.7)
12.3
(54.1)
7.5
(45.5)
3.9
(39)
0.6
(33.1)
7.2
(45)
Precipitation mm (inches) 36
(1.42)
31
(1.22)
29
(1.14)
30
(1.18)
29
(1.14)
43
(1.69)
40
(1.57)
33
(1.3)
40
(1.57)
31
(1.22)
35
(1.38)
44
(1.73)
421
(16.57)
Source: Climate Data.org[9]

Area Attractions

Famous attractions within or near Yevpatoria are:

  • Juma-Jami Mosque
  • Karaite Kenesa
  • St. Nicholas' the Miracle Worker Cathedral
  • Tekie Dervishes

Famous people from Yevpatoria

Names of asteroid number 6489 and number 24648

Asteroid number 6489 has a name GOLEVKA, which has a complicated origin. In 1995, Golevka was studied simultaneously by three radar observatories across the world: Goldstone in California, Yevpatoria RT-70 radio telescope in Ukraine (Yevpatoriya is sometimes romanized as Evpatoria) and Kashima in Japan. 'Gol-Ev-Ka' comes from the first few letters of each observatory's name; it was proposed by the discoverer following a suggestion by Alexander L. Zaitsev.

Asteroid 24648 Evpatoria was discovered 1985 Sept. 19 by Nikolai Chernykh and Lyudmila Chernykh at the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory, and named in honor of Evpatoria (thus Yevpatoriya). The minor planet marked the occasion of the 2500th anniversary of the town in 2003.[11]

Sister cities


Arms City Nation Since
Ioannina  Greece 1989
Figueira da Foz  Portugal 1989
Ludwigsburg  Germany 1992
25px Zakynthos  Greece 2002
Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski  Poland 2004
Krasnogorsky District  Russia 2006
Lambie  Greece 2009
Belgorod  Russia 2010

Gallery

References

External links

  • Yevpatoriya Photo gallery - (Russian)
  • Yevpatoriya City site - (Russian)

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