Ashra Mubashira

The Islamic prophet, Muhammad, in a hadith accepted by Sunni Muslims, specified ten of his companions who were promised paradise. Those companions named in this hadith are referred to by Sunnis as The Ten Promised Paradise (Arabic: العشرة المبشرون بالجنة‎; al-`Ashara al-Mubasharîn bi-l-Janna). The authenticity of this hadith is rejected by the Shias.

The hadith

Narrated Sa'id ibn Zayd:
AbdurRahman ibn al-Akhnas said that when he was in the mosque, a man mentioned Ali (may Allah be pleased with him). So Sa'id ibn Zayd got up and said: I bear witness to the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) that I heard him say: Ten persons will go to Paradise: The Prophet (peace be upon him) will go to Paradise, Abu Bakr will go to Paradise, Umar will go to Paradise, Uthman will go to Paradise, Ali will go to Paradise, Talhah will go to Paradise: az-Zubayr ibn al-Awwam will go to paradise, Sa'd ibn Malik will go to Paradise, and Abdur Rahman ibn Awf will go to Paradise. If I wish, I can mention the tenth. The People asked: Who is he: So he kept silence. The again asked: Who is he: He replied: He is Sa'id ibn Zayd.
Narrated 'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Awf:
that the Messenger of Allah () said: "Abu Bakr is in Paradise, 'Umar is in Paradise, 'Uthman is in Paradise, 'Ali is in Paradise, Talhah is in Paradise, Az-Zubair is in Paradise, 'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Awf is in Paradise, Sa'd bin Abi Waqqas is in Paradise, and Abu 'Ubaidah bin Al-Jarrah is in Paradise."

Muslim view

Muslims put different weight on this hadith, the majority of the Sunnis, viewing it as very favourable.

Sunni view

This hadith was narrated in three collections by Tirmidhi, Abu Dawood, and Ibn Majah.

The Sunni canon of hadith, called the Kutub al-Sittah (six major hadith collections), includes: Sahih al-Bukhari, Sahih Muslim, Sunan Abu Dawood, Al-Sunan al-Sughra, Jami` at-Tirmidhi and Sunan ibn Majah. Sahih al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim are considered the most reliable of these collections.[3]

Sunnis say that Muhammad's companions were sorted into twelve groups and of these the ten promised paradise were ranked first.[4]

Shia view

Shia Muslims note that Ali is put together with nine other Sahaba who never supported him in his conflicts: Talha and Zubair were generals in the armies against him in the Battle of the Camel and Umar and Abu Bakr were the caliphs before Ali during the succession to Muhammad even though he (Ali) gave them his firm oath of allegiance. In contrast, companions like Ammar ibn Yasir, Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr and Malik al-Ashtar, who staunchly defended Ali, are not included in the list. Nor is Abu Talib ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib mentioned, the uncle of Muhammad who defended the Muslims in the early years of the prophethood. Abu Talib is, from Shia perspective, considered to have converted to Islam, however.

See also

  • Shia view of the Sahabah

References

External links

  • Presenting Abu Bakr as the first of "ten promised paradise"
  • Great Muslims Of All Times
  • Sahaba
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