Abadir Umar Ar-Rida

Abadir Umar Ar-Rida
أبادير عمر بن رضا
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Born Hijaz, Saudi Arabia
Died Harar, Ethiopia
Ethnicity Arab
Occupation cleric
Title Sheikh

Sheikh Abadir Umar Ar-Rida (Somali: Abaadir Umar Ar-Rida, Arabic: أبادير عمر بن رضا‎), also known as Fiqi Umar and Abadir Musa Warwaje'le,[1] was a 13th-century Muslim cleric and patron saint of the city of Harar in modern-day eastern Ethiopia. He is regarded as the immediate common ancestor of the Somali Sheekhaal clan and the Harari people.

History

Ar-Rida is the main figure in the Fath Madinat Harar, an unpublished history of the city of Harar in the 13th century. According to the account, Ar-Rida, along with several other saints, came from the Hijaz region of present-day Saudi Arabia to Harar in 612H (1216 AD).[2] He was subsequently appointed Sheikh by the town's residents. . He married a Harari woman.[1]

In the following years, Sheikh Ar-Rida fought several battles against King Karbinal bin Mahrawal, his son Jurniyal, daughter Markanis and brother Sayadar. Ar-Rida is also mentioned in the lists of Emirs of Harar (the first 391-405H (1000–1014 AD), second 405-411H (1014-1021 AD), and third 458-459H (1065-1067 AD)).

Descendants

The Somali Sheekhaal clan and the Harari people both trace immediate descent to Sheikh Ar-Rida, the latter of whom is also known as Fiqi Umar. Ar-Rida in turn traced his lineage to the first caliph, Abu Bakr (Sayid Abubakar Al-Sadiq). According to the explorer Richard F. Burton, Fiqi Umar crossed over from the Arabian Peninsula to the Horn of Africa ten generations prior to 1854, along with his six sons: Umar the Greater, Umar the Lesser, the two Abdillahs, Ahmad and Siddik.[3]

Legacy

Sheikh Ar-Rida's tomb in Harar is a popular place of pilgrimage. Songs in veneration of him are also still sung in the city.

See also

Notes

References

  • Michael Belaynesh, Stanisław Chojnacki, Richard Pankhurst, The Dictionary of Ethiopian Biography: From early times to the end of the Zagwé dynasty c. 1270 A.D, (Institute of Ethiopian Studies, Addis Ababa University: 1975)

External links

  • Emir Sheikh Abadir Musa Warwaje’le
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