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Electoral history of Margaret Thatcher

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Title: Electoral history of Margaret Thatcher  
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Subject: History of the Conservative Party (UK), Margaret Thatcher
Collection: Electoral History of British Politicians, History of the Conservative Party (Uk), Margaret Thatcher
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Electoral history of Margaret Thatcher

This is a summary of the electoral history of Margaret Thatcher, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990. She was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Finchley from 1959 to 1992.

Contents

  • Parliamentary Elections 1
    • 1950 General Election, Dartford 1.1
    • 1951 General Election, Dartford 1.2
    • 1959 General Election, Finchley 1.3
    • 1964 General Election, Finchley 1.4
    • 1966 General Election, Finchley 1.5
    • 1970 General Election, Finchley 1.6
    • February 1974 General Election, Finchley 1.7
    • October 1974 General Election, Finchley 1.8
    • 1979 General Election, Finchley 1.9
    • 1983 General Election, Finchley 1.10
    • 1987 General Election, Finchley 1.11
  • Conservative Party leadership elections 2
    • 1975 Leadership Election 2.1
    • 1989 Leadership election 2.2
    • 1990 Leadership Election 2.3
  • UK General Elections 3
    • 1979 General Election 3.1
    • 1983 General Election 3.2
    • 1987 General Election 3.3
  • References 4

Parliamentary Elections

1950 General Election, Dartford

United Kingdom general election, 1950
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Norman Dodds 38,128 56.4
Conservative Margaret Thatcher (as Margaret Roberts) 24,490 36.2
Liberal A.H. Giles 5,011 7.4
Majority 13,638 20.2
Turnout 67,629 85.5
Labour hold Swing

1951 General Election, Dartford

United Kingdom general election, 1951
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Norman Dodds 40,094 59.1
Conservative Margaret Thatcher (as Margaret Roberts) 27,760 40.9
Majority 12,334 18.2
Turnout 67,854 85.2
Labour hold Swing

1959 General Election, Finchley

General Election 1959: Finchley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Margaret Thatcher 29,697 53.19
Labour E. P. Deakins 13,437 24.07
Liberal H. I. Spence 12,701 22.75
Majority 16,260 29.12
Turnout 55,835 80.78
Conservative hold Swing

1964 General Election, Finchley

General Election 1964: Finchley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Margaret Thatcher 24,591 46.58 -6.21
Liberal John Pardoe 15,789 29.91 +7.16
Labour Alfred E. Tomlinson 12,408 23.51 -0.56
Majority 8,802 16.67 -12.45
Turnout 52,788 78.18
Conservative hold Swing

1966 General Election, Finchley

General Election 1966: Finchley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Margaret Thatcher 23,968 46.5 -0.08
Labour Y. Sieve 14,504 28.0 +4.49
Liberal F. Davis 13,070 25.5 -4.41
Majority 9,464 18.36 +1.69
Turnout 51,542 75.33
Conservative hold Swing

1970 General Election, Finchley

General Election 1970: Finchley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Margaret Thatcher 25,480 53.8 +7.3
Labour Michael I. Freeman 14,295 30.2 +2.2
Liberal G. Mitchell 7,614 16.0 -9.95
Majority 11,185
Turnout 47,389 65.60
Conservative hold Swing

February 1974 General Election, Finchley

General Election February 1974: Finchley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Margaret Thatcher 18,180 44.00
Labour Martin John O'Connor 12,202 29.00
Liberal Laurence Steven Brass 11,221 27.00
Majority 5,978
Turnout 41,603 78.00
Conservative hold Swing 3.1% to Labour

October 1974 General Election, Finchley

General Election October 1974: Finchley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Margaret Thatcher 16,498 44.04
Labour Martin John O'Connor 12,587 33.60
Liberal Laurence Steven Brass 7,384 19.71
Majority 3,911 10.44
Turnout 37,462 69.46
Conservative hold Swing

1979 General Election, Finchley

General Election 1979: Finchley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Democrat E. Lloyd 86 0.2 N/A
Majority 7,878 19.8
Turnout 39,832 71.8
Conservative hold Swing

1983 General Election, Finchley

General Election 1983: Finchley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Ban Every Licensing Law Society Antony Joseph Noonan 75 0.2 N/A
Law and Order in Gotham City Antony Peter Whitehead 37 0.1 N/A
Anti-Censorship David Alec Webb 28 0.1 N/A
Party of Associates with Licensees Brian Clifford Wareham 27 0.1 N/A
Belgrano Blood-Hunger Benjamin C. Wedmore 13 0.0 N/A
Majority 9,314 24.2 +4.4
Turnout 38,417 69.0 -2.8
Conservative hold Swing

1987 General Election, Finchley

General Election 1987: Finchley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Gremloid Party Lord Buckethead 131 0.3 N/A
Gold Party M. Jane St Vincent 59 0.2 N/A
Majority 8,913 22.2 -2.0
Turnout 40,063 69.4 +0.4
Conservative hold Swing

Conservative Party leadership elections

1975 Leadership Election

Ballot: 4 February 1975
Candidate Votes %
Margaret Thatcher 130 49.1
Edward Heath 119 44.9
Hugh Fraser 16 6.0

Heath resigned as Conservative leader, but another ballot was needed. This was held on 11 February.

Ballot: 11 February 1975
Candidate Votes %
Margaret Thatcher 146 53.3
William Whitelaw 79 28.9
Geoffrey Howe 19 6.9
James Prior 19 6.9
John Peyton 11 4.0

1989 Leadership election

Ballot: 5 December 1989
Candidate Votes %
Margaret Thatcher 314 84.0
Anthony Meyer 33 8.8
Abstentions 3 0.8
Spoilt 24 6.4
Majority 281 75.1
Turnout 374
Thatcher re-elected

1990 Leadership Election

First ballot: 20 November 1990
Candidate Votes %
Margaret Thatcher 204 53.8
Michael Heseltine 152 40.1
Abstentions 6 1.6
Void/Spoilt 17 4.5
Majority 52 13.7
Turnout 379
Second Ballot required

Although receiving the support of a clear majority of MPs, Thatcher narrowly failed to achieve a lead over Heseltine that comprised at least 15% of the number of all Conservative MPs, abstentions and spoilt ballots included. Thatcher therefore decided to withdraw her candidacy on Thursday 22 November 1990. As a result of this, two further candidates allowed themselves to be nominated: the Foreign Secretary Douglas Hurd and the Chancellor of the Exchequer John Major. John Major subsequently won the leadership election and was made Prime Minister.

UK General Elections

1979 General Election

UK General Election 1979
Candidates Votes
Party Standing Elected Gained Unseated Net % of total % No. Net %
  Conservative 622 339 63 1 + 62 53.4% 43.9 13,697,923 + 8.1
  Labour 623 269 4 54 – 50 42.4% 36.9 11,532,218 – 2.3
  Liberal 577 11 1 3 – 2 1.7% 13.8 4,313,804 – 4.5
  SNP 71 2 0 9 – 9 0.31% 1.6 504,259 – 1.3
  Independent Ulster Unionist 1 1 1 0 + 1 0.16% 0.1 36,989 + 0.1
  Independent SDLP 1 0 0 0 0 N/A 0.0 10,785 N/A
  Independent Democratic 5 0 0 0 0 N/A 0.0 1,087 N/A
  United Country 2 0 0 0 0 N/A 0.0 1,033 N/A
  Independent Socialist 2 0 0 0 0 N/A 0.0 770 0.0
  Workers (Leninist) 2 0 0 0 0 N/A 0.0 767 0.0
  United English National 2 0 0 0 0 N/A 0.0 238 0.0
  Cornish Nationalist 1 0 0 0 0 N/A 0.0 227 N/A
  Social Democrat 1 0 0 0 0 N/A 0.0 144 0.0
All parties shown.
Government's new majority 43
Total votes cast 31,221,362
Turnout 76%

1983 General Election

United Kingdom General Election 1983
Candidates Votes
Party Standing Elected Gained Unseated Net % of total % No. Net %
  Independent Socialist 1 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 10,326 N/A
  Independent Communist 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 4,760 N/A
  Independent DUP 1 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 1,134 N/A
  Licensees 4 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 934 N/A
  Labour and Trade Union 1 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 584 N/A
  Freedom Party 1 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 508 N/A

All parties with more than 500 votes shown.

Government's new majority 144
Total votes cast 30,661,309
Turnout 72.7%

1987 General Election

UK general election 1987
Candidates Votes
Party Standing Elected Gained Unseated Net % of total % No. Net %
  Real Unionist 1 0 0 0 0 0.1 14,467 N/A
  Protestant Unionist 1 0 0 0 0 0.0 5,671 N/A
  Red Front 14 0 0 0 0 0.0 3,177 N/A
  Orkney and Shetland Movement 1 0 0 0 0 0.0 3,095 N/A
  Moderate Labour 2 0 0 0 0 0.0 2,269 N/A
  Independent Green 0 0 0 0 0.0 522 N/A
All parties gaining over 500 votes listed.
Government's new majority 102
Total votes cast 32,530,204
Turnout 75.3%

References

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